Apple Pledges to Make Its Products From Recycled Materials (AAPL)

A wafer of Intel chips

"We are working to see that (Apple) brings its entire component making ecosystem to Bengaluru and begins to export from here". Materials are mined, manufactured as products, and often end up in landfills after use.

The ultimate aim is "to one day end our reliance on mining altogether", the company said, without specifying a date.

But the task won't be easy, something that Apple has admitted. Jackson, former head of the Environmental Protection Agency under President Barack Obama, told Vice News Tonight that Apple is trying to move the industry in the direction of sustainability.

Apple has not set a timeline on the no-mining goal.

The company said it already has programs in place to enable the responsible sourcing of minerals, metals and other finite materials used in its products. "Unlike aluminium, there is an existing market supply of recycled tin that meets our quality standards".

Past year it demonstrated a recycling robot that deconstructs iPhone 6S handsets, recycling parts for use in other phones, and has carried out an audit of its supply chain following reports of children working in a cobalt mine in the Congo. She talked up the closed-loop supply chain commitment, noting that it would also let AAPL certify its products as being "conflict-free". Apple is also leaning on its production partners to be more green with seven major partners pledging to power Apple production entirely with renewable energy by the end of 2018. For a start, the iPhone maker has committed to helping its suppliers generate about four gigawatt of renewable power by 2020. But lately, Apple is being much more open about its future.

Like other tech companies, Apple has been criticised by shifting the blame on the use of conflict minerals like cobalt to suppliers.

Of course, Apple's pledge on renewables would not only be good for the environment, but also for its business.

Apple also hopes to use only renewable energy in all its facilities, including stores and factories - it's now at 96% renewable usage - as well as encouraging its supply chain to only use renewable energy and ensure all its products are supplied in 100% recycled paper packaging.

The report also reveals that in 2016 Apple sourced 96 per cent of the energy it used at its global facilities from renewable energy, reducing the firm's carbon emissions by nearly 585,000 metric tonnes. In 2012, it committed to transitioning to 100% renewable energy and has increasingly emphasized environmental sustainability in its products and packaging.