Deadly violence has worsened in Myanmar's Rakhine state in the last three days from Sunday 27 August 2017, with almost 100 people killed.
In March 2017, the United Nations Human Rights Council announced that it would investigate allegations of rights abuses by the Myanmarese army on the Rohingyas. Witnesses reported the sound of gunshots, and Bangladeshi villagers said they could see military helicopters hovering in the Myanmar sky. Myanmar's security forces responded by launching counterterrorism operations against insurgents.
At least 104 people, including 12 members of the security forces, have been killed in Rakhine state after Rohingya militants called the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army attacked police on Friday, the bloodiest fighting since hostilities erupted previous year.
The state counsellor's office has also ordered the country's media to use the term "terrorist" rather than "insurgent" to describe Rohingya militants, a move that reaffirms the widely held belief that the former Nobel Peace Prize victor is unlikely to take any public stance against the military's actions in the country's troubled northwest. "The main objective is to ensure Myanmar can't accuse us of harbouring them to use against them", said the official.
Reuters reporters at the border heard gunfire from the Myanmar side, which triggered a rush of Rohingya towards the no man's land between the countries.
Most live in the impoverished western state of Rakhine but are denied citizenship and harassed by restrictions on movement and work. "If they are not allowed in they will die", she said. Those attacks sparked a wave of deadly "clearance operations" by Myanmar's army and forced some 87,000 Rohingya to flee to Bangladesh.
The special evacuation of non-Muslim residents was done because the insurgency came from the ethnic Rohingya Muslim minority, who have been treated as illegal immigrants.
ARSA, a Rohingya insurgent group, took responsibility for Thursday night's attacks saying they were carried out to defend Rohingya communities from government forces.
"It [the situation in Rakhine] is an ongoing slow-burning genocide", Schug said, accusing Myanmar's military of being behind the deaths.
Sayra Begum, a 28-year-old Rohingya woman from Tomru village in Rakhine, spoke to CNN from an overcrowded, under-supplied refugee camp on the border.
The death toll from ongoing clashes between Myanmar's troops and the so-called advocates of the persecuted Rohingya Muslims has reached almost 100, as thousands of desperate Muslims recently entered the neighboring Bangladesh, fleeing from intensified crackdown on the minority by Buddhist mobs and security forces over recent attacks on police outposts.
Centhra does not dispute that intervention by Asean member states in favour of protecting its ethnic Rohingya Muslims is absolutely necessary, and must be undertaken without further delay.
"A lot of people are on the run and they need serious protection and the authorities have not made it easy to help them".
The Rohingya have long faced severe discrimination and were the targets of violence in 2012 that killed hundreds and drove about 140,000 people-predominantly Rohingya-from their homes to camps for the internally displaced, where most remain.