Columbus statues in 2 cities were vandalized with paint

Indigenous Peoples Day

In the early 20th century, Columbus Day celebrations helped many Italian immigrants nurture acceptance in the country by honoring a man with a vital place in America's eventual founding.

He said: 'The conversation is Columbus.

Many school districts and local governments will mark Columbus Day the same way they have for decades, with no classes and no work in honor of the man widely believed to have "discovered" America.

"It's lovely that Berkeley declared it Indigenous Peoples' Day, but I think it's even more important that we recognize that this holiday and the people who are recognized by it exist", Worthington said.

The discovery by Columbus brought the permanent arrival of Europeans to the Americas, which Trump noted was a "transformative event that undeniably and fundamentally changed the course of human history and set the stage for the development of our great Nation".

It has been tradition for years to celebrate their nationality on Columbus Day, stressed Tony Ippolito. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared Columbus Day to be a national holiday in 1937.

San Francisco, Seattle, Albuquerque and Denver are other cities that have opted to replace the controversial holiday with one celebrating Native Americans instead.

In some areas, Columbus Day simply doesn't hold as much meaning for the populace.

"It was one of the things that would allow them to become Americans symbolically", said Fred Gardaphe, a professor of Italian-American studies at Queens College. "This gesture of replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day is a very small step in apologizing and in making amends", L.A. City Councilman Mike Bonin, told the Los Angeles Times. "I believe the Italian-American heritage should be celebrated as part of the ongoing NY celebration of diversity". The city council of Austin, Texas, voted last week to take a similar path - and organizers in Pittsburgh said next year's parade there may incorporate more of a "Heritage Day" theme. "And while we can't change the past, we can acknowledge and make that history right today". Meanwhile, op-eds and letters to the editor register Indigenous people's objections to Columbus as worthy of commemoration. This year, it falls on Monday, October 9, 2017.

But others criticize Columbus for the atrocities inflicted on Native Americans when he came to North America - vandalizing an Astoria Columbus statue with "Don't Honor Genocide."

"Columbus should not be celebrated".

There's talk of changing the name of Columbus Circle and taking down the statue.