Douglas joined ICAN's Beatrice Fihn in May previous year to highlight the role that civil society plays in the work to ban nuclear weapons. And the United States president alarmed delegates at the UN General Assembly last month by warning he might be forced to "totally destroy" North Korea because of its atomic weapons programme. The ICJ concluded both that "the threat or use of nuclear weapons would generally be contrary to the rules of global law applicable in armed conflict, and in particular the principles and rules of humanitarian law" and that "states must never make civilians the object of attack and must consequently never use weapons that are incapable of distinguishing between civilian and military targets".
"But we have to be realistic", she admits.
The organisation worked on negotiations for the Treaty on the United Nations Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which was adopted by 122 countries in July.
He is also engaged in a perilous game of brinksmanship with North Korea, threatening "fire and fury" and exchanging insults with young dictator Kim Jong Un. SGI has been working toward the abolition of nuclear weapons for 60 years, since the Declaration Calling for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons issued by second Soka Gakkai President Josei Toda on September 8, 1957.
The Nobel committee does not release names of those it considers for the prize, but said 215 individuals and 103 organisations were nominated for this year. But while there is no way as of yet to force nuclear powers to disarm, Fihn voiced optimism that the treaty declaring them illegal would help stigmatise them.
Proponents of the treaty have said that they never expected any nuclear-armed country would sign it right away.
The State Department spokesman added that Washington remains committed to its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and to working to "improve the global security environment, prevent and counter proliferation, and reduce nuclear dangers worldwide". The award was hailed by anti-nuclear campaigners around the world.
"Nuclear disarmament has been an objective for the United Nations since the very first General Assembly resolution in 1946, which established the goal of ridding the world of nuclear weapons and all weapons of mass destruction", the statement said.
But as the science and implications of nuclear weaponsstarted to be better understood - nearly immediately from the time they were first used - efforts to regulate the use of them increased, and so did the Nobel Prizes on the other side.
Spending on nuclear weapons across the nine states that have them exceeds $105 billion a year - money that ICAN says would be better far spent on healthcare, education and disaster relief.
Edwards paraphrases Trudeau senior as saying at the time, "If we want to have a world without nuclear weapons, we have to invoke a strategy of suffocation, we have to choke off the vital oxygen on which these weapons feed".
OSLO, Norway | The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday, a forceful show of support for a grassroots effort that seeks to pressure the world's nuclear powers to give up the weapons that could destroy the planet. Sam Nunn, D-Ga., a bipartisan quartet with deep national-security credentials, made headlines in 2007 when they endorsed ridding the world of nuclear weapons. "Japan should play the role of connecting them", he said.