The lawsuit, which was filed on Monday and seeks class action status, also claims that Google uses "illegal hiring quotas" to employ a certain percentage of women and minorities. It alleges that both Damore and Gudeman were "ostracized, belittled, and punished for their heterodox political views, and for the added sin of their birth circumstances of being Caucasians and/or males". "Google's management goes to extreme - and illegal - lengths to encourage hiring managers to take protected categories such as race and/or gender into consideration as determinative hiring factors, to the detriment of Caucasian and male employees and potential employees at Google".
In it Mr Damore said Google discriminated against white men and conservatives, and said that people needed to stop assuming that gender gaps in industries implied sexism.
A Google engineer who was sacked after writing a memo defending the gender gap in Silicon Valley tech jobs as a matter of biology has sued his former employer for discrimination. If Damore thinks it's so hard to advance in a tech firm as a white male, he should try being literally anybody else.
This newspaper reached out to Google and this post will be updated.
Google did not immediately respond to request for comment. Those violations include wrongful termination, workplace harassment, workplace discrimination, retaliation failure to prevent harassment, discrimination and retaliation, and unfair business practices, amongst others.
The former Google engineer who was sacked over a memo he wrote that suggested biological reasons are behind the predominance of male engineers at the company filed a lawsuit in state court on Monday.
He claims he was "chastised for attempting to stand up for Caucasian males and his conservative views" by Google's HR department.
Damore's lawsuit is the latest legal challenge for Google, which also faces a suit for unequal pay.
Google fired Damore after he wrote a 10-page memo titled "Google's Ideological Echo Chamber: How bias clouds our thinking about diversity and inclusion".