North Korea is skirting sanctions — United Nations consultants

North Korea Violated UN Sanctions To Earn $200 Million from Prohibited Exports, Report Finds

United Nations (UN) monitors have accused North Korea of violating global sanctions placed on the country and earning nearly $200 million in 2017 from banned exports, Reuters reported Friday. The report, submitted to a U.N. Security Council sanctions committee, revealed that North Korea had exported coals to ports "including in Russia, China, South Korea, Malaysia and Vietnam", using forged paperwork that showed Russia and China-as well as other countries-as the origin of coal, instead of Pyongyang.

The report said several unnamed multinational oil companies were being investigated for their alleged role in supplying petroleum products to North Korea.

This sanction came after President Donald Trump signed an executive order in September that sought to isolate North Korea from the worldwide banking system while adding more pressure on its main industry and shipping, The New York Times reported.

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said violations of maritime operations involving North Korea are a problem.

The report was authored by a panel of experts investigating North Korea and has been sent to a United Nations committee on North Korea.

The 15-member council has stepped up sanctions on North Korea since 2006 in a bid to choke funding for Pyongyang's nuclear and ballistic missile programmes, banning exports including coal, iron, lead, textiles and seafood, and capping imports of crude oil and refined petroleum products.

The UN monitors also said one country, which they did not identify, reported it had evidence that Myanmar received ballistic missile systems from North Korea, along with conventional weapons, including multiple rocket launchers and surface-to-air missiles.

According to the report released on Friday, Pyongyang has been assisting Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's government in developing its nuclear weapons programme, and has provided Myanmar's army with ballistic missiles.

A confidential United Nations monitor report claimed North Korea has earned almost $200 million in exports in 2017, according to Reuters.

North Korea's economy has been heavily reliant on Beijing-$2.3 million of the $2.83 billion total exports were shipped to China in 2015.

The North Korean company cooperating with the two governments - KOMID - is on a United Nations sanctions blacklist, according to the report.

Syria denied co-operation with North Korea on their chemical weapons programmes, saying that the only experts it was hosting from the country were involved in sports.

Several dozen times over the past decade, the report said, North Korean weapons have been shipped to Syria to develop a chemical-weapons program.

North Korean diplomats, in particular trade representatives, continue to provide logistical support for arms sales and help organise exchanges for military technicians, it said.

It urges all countries involved to step up their monitoring of North Korea.

While sanctions have been significantly widened, this "expansion of the regime is yet to be matched by the requisite political will" to implement the measures, the experts said.