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Here are 10 important facts about the life-threatening disease

A doctor examines a patient suffering from tuberculosis during his visit at the Government TB hospital in Hyderabad India Tuesday

With over 20 lakh cases of Tuberculosis worldwide, India is the second leading country to contribute to the related mortality rate.

Table Mountain will be lit in red on Saturday to commemorate World tuberculosis (TB) Day and President Cyril Ramaphosa is due to be there.

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs.

Though, in the case of this disease, a person needs to fight the disease properly by taking the all medication timely. He reminded that TB is curable if one takes the medicines on time and for the complete duration. Cheri Vincent, USAID's Chief of the TB Division in Washington, D.C. served as a panelist at this event. The results will be all set to come out as per the doctor's opinion.

More than 95 percent of TB cases and deaths occur in low-and middle-income countries, particularly in Southeast Asia, Africa and the Western Pacific. Only 12 to 16 tests can be performed per day per machine.

Dr Y Perme informed the participants of the initiatives taken by the government through the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) for prevention and control of tuberculosis and highlighted its causes, symptoms and treatment. Anyone can get tuberculosis, but crowded living conditions, inadequate nutrition and reduced immune system function increase the risk of acquiring tuberculosis. India also has the highest incidence of the disease-about a quarter of total cases worldwide-each year, the report says.

"We have to focus more on the private practitioners and chemists to notify the disease".

Urban Development Minister Nabam Rebia flagged off a TB awareness procession from Nyorch village market complex to the ZPC hall.

Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) remains a public health crisis and a health security threat. "Significant patients present to us with recurrence or relapse of tubercular infection", said Dr Sandeep Nayar, Senior Consultant and HOD, Respiratory Department, BLK Super Speciality Hospital.

"Many MDR patients visit hospitals at the cost of their daily wages". "Decentralisation of facilities will significantly reduce out-of-the-pocket expenses for patients".

Any isoniazid (another first line anti TB drug) resistance was found to be 11.06% and 25.09% among new and previously treated TB patients, respectively.

For more on this, watch a report by Dunya News below. "Initially, the access was slow, but now we have scaled up".

Kenya put the actual number of people who contract the disease every year at 138,105. "End TB" and will be held in Nairobi's Embakasi estate. The National Strategic Plan is aiming to achieve elimination of TB, by 2025.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately one-third of the world's population carries the TB bacteria, with about 10.4 million of whom developing "active" TB each year. But realistically speaking, it is an impossible target. "Over 11,500 TB cases were detected through active house to house case search in 2017".

Given this, Narendra Modi's vow to eliminate TB by 2025 "shows political will, but realistically, it is impossible, because TB's latent cases surface at least two-three years, or even later".