Three Californias? What you need to know

3 states update Measure To Split California Into Three States Qualifies For November Ballot

"The citizens of the whole state would be better served by three smaller state governments while preserving the historical boundaries of the various counties, cities and towns". But on Tuesday, Draper's new effort-called Cal 3-qualified for the November ballot.

One of the many, many efforts to break up the state of California into smaller, more governable chunks has made it onto the November ballot.

Vikram Amar, a law professor who has written extensively about Draper's plans, pointed out last fall that the shift in California's votes in the Electoral College - which have been awarded for a quarter-century to Democratic nominees - would be split between three states.

"The California state government isn't too big to fail, because it is already failing its citizens in so many crucial ways", Citizens for Cal 3 campaign spokeswoman Peggy Grande said in a statement, according to CNN. As he did when he pushed a failed initiative to break the state into six states, Draper says California as it now exists is simply too large to be governed effectively. A new Southern California would encompass much of the Central Valley, Orange County and San Diego with 14 million people.

It was that issue - economic sustainability - that helped fell two of Draper's previous efforts in 2012 and 2014, to create six California states. "We need to empower our population to improve their government".

Northern California: This would include 40 counties including the San Francisco Bay Area and the remaining counties north of Sacramento, the current state capital.

Should this latest proposal become a reality, it would be the first division of a state since West Virginia split off from Virginia in 1863.

The rationale is: California is the most populous state in the nation.

Will there soon be three Californias?

A state can not split without the approval of the U.S. Congress, and the president would have the power to approve or veto any vote taken by Congress.

Political experts say Congress is unlikely to approve a split-up of California, especially Democrats who would be deeply reluctant to break up a dependably blue state.

Although California as it exists today is heavily Democratic, one of the new Californias might not be. "Three states will get us better infrastructure, better education and lower taxes", he wrote.

A breakup would be complex, as the state's businesses and universities - even its water system - are interconnected and dependent on one another.

Despite the odds, the "Cal-3" initiative is moving forward, and it will likely to be subject to an interesting debate among scholars in the coming months.

Cal3provides has mapped out a series of statistics regarding how the Golden State would be split up.