CDC monitoring measles outbreak in 21 states

More than 1200 infected with measles in Brazil; 6 dead

Health officials are continuing to monitor a measles outbreak impacting 21 states, including MI.

The C-D-C says 107 people have reported contracting the virus.

The majority of the individuals who were infected were unvaccinated, said the CDC, which urges everyone to get inoculated as soon as possible.

In 2017, 118 cases were reported.

More spreading of measles also occurs in communities with pockets of unvaccinated people, according to the CDC. Then a person may experience high temperature (over 40°C), cough, runny nose, redness of eyes and then a rash begins to appear, which from the face is distributed throughout the body.

Measles is usually passed through coughing and sneezing.

In 2014, there was a record number of cases, with 667 cases from 27 states, which marked the largest outbreak since the elimination of measles in the USA was documented in 2000, the CDC stated. A rash follows three to five days after the initial symptoms.

Measles is a vaccine-preventable respiratory infection that can result in hospitalization, pneumonia, encephalitis and death.

Missouri and IL require schoolchildren to get their measles vaccines, but they can be exempted for a medical or religious reason.

How can you avoid getting measles? She said several studies have debunked any connection between the measles vaccination and autism.

What is the treatment for measles?

If you think your child has the measles, keep them home from school and contact your doctor immediately. Measles is designated as notifiable at the national level under the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, meaning all cases must be reported to the CDC. "One dose of MMR vaccine is 93% effective against measles, 78% effective against mumps, and 97% effective against rubella".

However, children who are under a year old, those with weakened immune systems, and those who never received the vaccine are still at risk for developing measles.

Anna Chacon is a dermatologist and part of the ABC News medical unit.